A HSE Management System is an integrated approach where all the 3 HSE factors are effectively managed to reduce risks in the workplace and environment. The objective of a HSE Management System is to provide a structured management approach to control health, safety and environmental risks.
International standard ISO 45001:2018 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems lists down requirements with guidance for use. ISO 14001;2015 Environment Management Systems sets out the criteria for an environmental management system.
Regardless of the industry you are in, all organisations need a comprehensive, well-documented HSE management system to ensure that all personnel are safe and environment are protected. A HSE management system must be written down, communicated and practised.
The key elements of a successful HSE management system include:
- HSE plan and inspection checklists
- Risk assessments and monitoring
- Training and induction
A HSE plan is a strategic action plan which sets out all current and prospective risks for the company. It provides an analysis of all risks present, with an outline of how to remove said risks. This HSE plan helps to set up a framework for all workers to follow and be held accountable to maintain the HSE record of the workplace. A HSE plan also comprises of HSE inspection checklists and emergency response plans.
Risk assessments document all risks in the workplace. This helps in protecting all workers and surrounding people from potential hazards. All areas of HSE non-compliance are outlined in the assessment and aid in ensuring proper solutions are in place. After risk assessment, risk monitoring is to be conducted depending on the risk level to maintain HSE in place.
Reporting of HSE elements is needed to monitor the performance of HSE elements. HSE key performance indicators (KPI) are needed to measure the performance of the HSE aspects. These KPI help to identify areas that need improvement. KPI for HSE include Lost Time Injury (LTI), number of accidents and incidents, productive days, near misses, etc.
All workers need to receive adequate training on the various HSE rules and procedures at the worksite. A thorough training program includes all HSE aspects e.g. PPE training, fire drills, scheduled waste management, management of pollution control equipment, etc. These trainings must be recorded to keep track of the training to ensure a successful HSE management system. In conclusion, the management plays a critical role in making HSE management system a success.